Skip to main content

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

See other formats


{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl822\margr1669\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn822\margrsxn1669\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720 \pard \plain \li0\ri0\sb0\sa0\pvpara\phmrg\posnegx0\posnegy0\absw0\absh950\nowrap\dfrmtxtx10080\dfrmtxty58 {\pict\wmetafile8\picw3136\pich1676\picwgoal1778\pichgoal950
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}\par \pard\plain \sb0\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4545\margrsxn3689\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60  \pard\plain \sb983\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4545\margrsxn3689\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr1202\colno2\colw2084 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb148\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs14 212}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex88\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs32 saka migrations}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1229\margrsxn1680\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60  \pard\plain \sb194\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1229\margrsxn1680\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr2585\colno2\colw6026 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb3618\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs28 * ,}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw12\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 the Jaxartes (Syr Darya). The latter, having been \expndtw5 pushed south, swooped down on Bactria and the Par\-\expndtw1 thian kingdom in the period between 140 and 120 \b B.C. \b0\expndtw8 Weakened by foreign wars and internal dissensions, \expndtw3 the Bactrian monarchy fell an easy prey to the invasion \expndtw0 of these hordes. Then the Sakas pressed towards the \expndtw3 south-west, and in the struggle, which followed with \expndtw4 Parthia, Phraates II was killed in 128 B.C., and Arta-\expndtw1 banus 1 lost his life a few years later in 123 B.C. Mi-\expndtw6 thriclates II (123-88 B.C.), however, reasserted the \expndtw4 Parthian power, which naturally diverted the Sakas \expndtw10 eastwards. As their expansion was impeded in the \expndtw2 Kabul valley, where the attenuated Greek kingdom lay like a wedge, they spread themselves in the territory, afterwards called Seistan or Sakastan. Sometime later, they moved through Arachosia (Kandahar) and Balu\-\expndtw7 chistan into the lower Indus country, which conse\-\expndtw2 quently became known as Saka-dvipa to Hindu writers \expndtw11 and Indo-Scythia to Greek geographers. From this \expndtw3 base the Sakas established their settlements in several \expndtw4 parts of India.}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn822\margrsxn1669\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3733\fi0\ri0\sb331\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Maues}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li3751\fi450\ri18\sb119\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 The earliest Saka ruler of India appears to have been \expndtw-3 Maues, who is probably identical with Moa (cf. "Moasa") \expndtw2 of the Maira (Salt Range) well inscription,\super 1\nosupersub  and with. \expndtw9 Moga of the Taxila plate of Satrap Patika.\super 2\nosupersub  Vincent}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li3726\fi0\ri0\sb176\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 val, \i J.B.O.RS., \i0 Vol. XVI, pts. Ill and IV, pp. 227-316 ("Problems \expndtw2 of Saka-Satavahana History"); R- D. Banerji, \i Ind. Ant., \i0 XXXVII (1908), pp. 25 f; \i Cam. Hist. Ind., \i0 Vol. I, Ch. xxiii, pp. 563-92.; Govind Pai, "Chronology of Sakas, Pahlavas and Kushans" \i Jour. \expndtw5 Ind. Hist, \i0 Vol. XIV, (1935), pp. 309 f.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3719\fi392\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx4230 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw4 The Maira inscription appears to  be  dated in the year   5 8\line (CJ.I.,11, no. VIII, pp. 11-13).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3719\fi392\ri0\sb7\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx4230 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw-2 Mr. Govind Pai, however, reads \i magasa, \i0 'of the month Magha/\line \expndtw1 instead of \i Mogasa \i0 in  the   Taxila  copper-plate inscription \i (Jotirn.\line \expndtw2 Ind. Hist., \i0 XIV, (1935), pp. 328-38).}\par }